
DESCENDING
DESC

reverses the order of the response categories.
If both the DESCENDING and ORDER=
options are specified, PROC GLIMMIX orders the response categories according to the ORDER=
option and then reverses that order.

EVENT=’category’  keyword

specifies the event category for the binary response model. PROC GLIMMIX models the probability of the event category. The
EVENT= option has no effect when there are more than two response categories. You can specify the value (formatted, if a format
is applied) of the event category in quotes, or you can specify one of the following keywords:

FIRST

designates the first ordered category as the event. This is the default.

LAST

designates the last ordered category as the event.

ORDER=DATA  FORMATTED  FREQ  INTERNAL

specifies the sort order for the levels of the response variable.
When ORDER=FORMATTED (the default) for numeric variables for which you have supplied no explicit format (that is, for which
there is no corresponding FORMAT statement in the current PROC GLIMMIX run or in the DATA step that created the data set),
the levels are ordered by their internal (numeric) value. If you specify the ORDER= option in the MODEL statement and the
ORDER=
option in the PROC GLIMMIX
statement, the former takes precedence. The following table shows the interpretation of the ORDER= values:
Table 45.11: continued
Value of ORDER=

Levels Sorted By

DATA

order of appearance in the input data set

FORMATTED

external formatted value, except for numeric variables with no explicit format, which are sorted by their unformatted (internal)
value

FREQ

descending frequency count; levels with the most observations come first in the order

INTERNAL

unformatted value

By default, ORDER=FORMATTED. For the FORMATTED and INTERNAL values, the sort order is machine dependent.
For more information about sort order, see the chapter on the SORT procedure in the Base SAS Procedures Guide and the discussion of BYgroup processing in
SAS Language Reference: Concepts.

REFERENCE=’category’  keyword
REF=’category’  keyword

specifies the reference category for the generalized logit model and the binary response model. For the generalized logit
model, each nonreference category is contrasted with the reference category. For the binary response model, specifying one
response category as the reference is the same as specifying the other response category as the event category. You can specify
the value (formatted if a format is applied) of the reference category in quotes, or you can specify one of the following
keywords:

FIRST

designates the first ordered category as the reference category.

LAST

designates the last ordered category as the reference category. This is the default.