GROUP Statement 
The GROUP statement signifies the beginning of a group specification block and designates a group number for the group. All subsidiary group specification statements after a GROUP statement belong in that group until another MODEL or GROUP statement is used. The subsidiary group specification statements refer to one of the following four statements:
For example, consider the following statements:
proc calis; var X1X4; group 1 / label='Women' data=women_data; freq Z; group 2 / label='Men' data=men_data; partial P; model 1 / group = 12; factor N=1; /* One factor exploratory factor analysis */ run;
In the GROUP statements, two groups are defined. Group 1, labeled as 'Women', refers to the data set women_data. Group 2, labeled as 'Men', refers to the data set men_data. Both groups are fitted by an exploratory factor model defined in Model 1, as indicated in the GROUP= option of the MODEL statement. While the frequency variable Z defined in the FREQ statement is applicable only to Group 1, the partial variable P defined in the PARTIAL statement is applicable only to Group 2. However, the VAR statement, which appears before the definitions of both groups, applies globally to both Group 1 and Group 2. Therefore, variables X1–X4 are the analysis variables in the two groups.
You can set groupspecific options in each GROUP statement. All but one (that is, the LABEL= option) of these options are also available in the MODEL and PROC CALIS statements. If you set these groupspecific options in the PROC CALIS statement, they will apply to all groups unless you respecify them in the GROUP statement. If you set these groupspecific options in the MODEL statement, they will apply to all groups that are fitted by the associated model. In general, the groupspecific options are transfered from the PROC CALIS statement to the MODEL statements (if present) and then to the fitted groups. In the transferring process, options are overwritten by the newer ones. If you want to apply some groupspecific options to a particular group only, you should set those options in the GROUP statement corresponding to that group.
These options are available in the GROUP and PROC CALIS statements:
Option 
Description 

Specifies the input data set 

Specifies the data set that contains the weight matrix 

Specifies the data set for storing the statistical results 

Specifies the data set for storing the weight matrix 
See the section Listing of PROC CALIS Statement Options for more details about these options. If you specify these options in the PROC CALIS statement, they are transferred to all GROUP statements. They might be overwritten by the respecifications in the individual GROUP statements.
These options are available in the GROUP, MODEL, and PROC CALIS statements:
Option 
Description 

Computes the skewness and kurtosis without bias corrections 

Defines nobs by the number of error df 

Specifies that the INWGT= data set contains the inverse of the weight matrix 

Computes and displays kurtosis 

Specifies the maximum number of missing patterns to display 

Defines the number of observations (nobs) 

Suppresses the display of missing pattern analysis 

Displays analyzed and estimated moment matrix 

Specifies ODS Graphics selection 

Displays the weight matrix 

Defines nobs by the number of regression df 

Computes the default residuals 

Specifies the type of residuals 

Specifies the ridge factor for covariance matrix 

Prints univariate statistics 

Specifies the data proportion threshold for displaying the missing patterns 

Specifies variance divisor 

Specifies the penalty weight to fit correlations 

Specifies the ridge factor for the weight matrix 
If you specify these options in the PROC CALIS statement, they are transferred to all MODEL statements. These options are overwritten by the respecifications in the individual MODEL statements. After these options are resolved in a given MODEL statement, they are transferred further to the GROUP statements of which the associated groups are fitted by the model. Again, these options might be overwritten by the respecifications in the individual GROUP statements.