For generalized linear models, PROC GENMOD ignores any observation with a missing value for any variable involved in the model. You can score an observation in an output data set by setting only the response value to missing. For models fit with generalized estimating equations (GEEs), observations with missing values within a cluster are not used, and all available pairs are used in estimating the working correlation matrix. Clusters with fewer observations than the full cluster size are treated as having missing observations occurring at the end of the cluster. You can specify the order of missing observations with the WITHINSUBJECT= option. See the section Missing Data for more information about missing values in GEEs.