DBLOAD Procedure


Sends data from SAS to a DBMS


PROC DBLOAD <options>;

Optional Arguments

specifies which database management system you want to access. This DBMS-specific option is required. See the DBMS-specific reference in this document for details about your DBMS.
specifies the input data set. You can retrieve input data from a SAS data file, an SQL view, a DATA step view, a SAS/ACCESS view descriptor, or another DBMS table to which a SAS/ACCESS libref points. If the SAS data set is permanent, you must use its two-level name, libref.SAS-data-set. If you omit the DATA= option, the default is the last SAS data set that was created.
appends data to an existing DBMS table that you identify by using the TABLE= statement. When you specify APPEND, the input data specified with the DATA= option is inserted into the existing DBMS table. Your input data can be in the form of a SAS data set, SQL view, or SAS/ACCESS view (view descriptor).
When you use APPEND, you must ensure that your input data corresponds exactly to the columns in the DBMS table. If your input data does not include values for all columns in the DBMS table, you might corrupt your DBMS table by inserting data into the wrong columns. Use the COMMIT, ERRLIMIT, and LIMIT statements to help safeguard against data corruption. Use the DELETE and RENAME statements to drop and rename SAS input variables that do not have corresponding DBMS columns.
All PROC DBLOAD statements and options can be used with APPEND, except for the NULLS and TYPE statements, which have no effect when used with APPEND. The LOAD statement is required.
The following example appends new employee data from the SAS data set NEWEMP to the DBMS table EMPLOYEES. The COMMIT statement causes a DBMS commit to be issued after every 100 rows are inserted. The ERRLIMIT statement causes processing to stop after five errors occur. proc dbload dbms=oracle data=newemp append; user=testuser; password=testpass; path='myorapath'; table=employees; commit=100; errlimit=5; load; run;
By omitting the APPEND option from the DBLOAD statement, you can use the PROC DBLOAD SQL statements to create a DBMS table and append to it in the same PROC DBLOAD step.