Details and Examples: PARETO Procedure

Example 15.3 Highlighting the Vital Few

See PARETO10 in the SAS/QC Sample LibraryThis example is a continuation of Example 15.2.

In some applications you may want to use colors and patterns to highlight the bars corresponding to the most frequently occurring categories, which are referred to as the vital few.

The following statements highlight the two most frequently occurring categories in each cell of the comparative Pareto chart shown in Output 15.2.4:

ods graphics off;
goptions vsize=4.25 in htext=2.8 pct htitle=3.2 pct;
title 'Which Problems Occur Most Often?';
proc pareto data=Failure4;
   vbar Cause / class       = ( Process Day )
                freq        = Counts
                nrows       = 2
                ncols       = 5
                last        = 'Miscellaneous'
                scale       = count
                hlleglabel  = 'Severity:'
                catleglabel = 'Failure Causes:'
                intertile   = 1.0

Specifying CHIGH(2)=GREEN and PHIGH(2)=M5X45 causes the two highest bars in each cell to be filled in green with the pattern M5X45 (refer to SAS/GRAPH: Reference for a pattern selection guide). If you omit the PHIGH(2)= option, a solid green fill is used.

The new chart is displayed in Output 15.3.1. In all but two of the cells, the two vital problems are Contamination and Oxide Defect.

You can also highlight the trivial many categories (also referred to as the useful many) with the CLOW(m)= and PLOW(m)= options. You can use these options in conjunction with the CHIGH(n)=, PHIGH(n)=, CBARS=, and PBARS= options. For further details, see the entries for these options in the Dictionary of Options.

Output 15.3.1: Emphasizing the Vital Few

Emphasizing the Vital Few