FNOTE Function

Identifies the last record that was read, and returns a value that the FPOINT function can use.

Category: External Files



Required Argument


is a numeric constant, variable, or expression that specifies the identifier that was assigned when the file was opened, generally by the FOPEN function.


You can use FNOTE like a bookmark, marking the position in the file so that your application can later return to that position using FPOINT. The value that is returned by FNOTE is required by the FPOINT function to reposition the file pointer on a specific record.
To free the memory associated with each FNOTE identifier, use DROPNOTE.
Note: You cannot write a new record in place of the current record if the new record has a length that is greater than the current record.


This example assigns the fileref MYFILE to an external file and attempts to open the file. If the file is opened successfully, indicated by a positive value in the variable FID, then it reads the records, stores in the variable NOTE 3 the position of the third record read, and then later uses FPOINT to point back to NOTE3 to update the file. After updating the record, it closes the file:
%let rc=%sysfunc(filename(fref,
%let fid=%sysfunc(fopen(&fref,u));
%if &fid > 0 %then
      %let rc=%sysfunc(fread(&fid));
         /* Read second record. */
      %let rc=%sysfunc(fread(&fid));
         /* Read third record. */
      %let rc=%sysfunc(fread(&fid));
         /* Note position of third record. */
      %let note3=%sysfunc(fnote(&fid));
         /* Read fourth record. */
      %let rc=%sysfunc(fread(&fid));
         /* Read fifth record. */
      %let rc=%sysfunc(fread(&fid));
         /* Point to third record. */
      %let rc=%sysfunc(fpoint(&fid,&note3));
         /* Read third record. */
      %let rc=%sysfunc(fread(&fid));
         /* Copy new text to FDB. */
      %let rc=%sysfunc(fput(&fid,New text));
         /* Update third record  */
         /* with data in FDB. */
      %let rc=%sysfunc(fwrite(&fid));
         /* Close file. */
      %let rc=%sysfunc(fclose(&fid));
%let rc=%sysfunc(filename(fref));