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Example 99.4 Analyzing Survey Data with Missing Values

As described in the section Missing Values, the SURVEYMEANS procedure excludes an observation from the analysis if it has a missing value for the analysis variable
or a nonpositive value for the WEIGHT variable.

However, if there is evidence indicating that the nonrespondents are different from the respondents for your study, you can
use the NOMCAR option to compute descriptive statistics among respondents while still counting the number of nonrespondents.

This example continues the ice cream example in the section Stratified Sampling to illustrate how to perform a similar analysis when you have missing values.

Suppose that some of the students failed to provide the amounts spent on ice cream, as shown in the following data set, `IceCream`

:

data IceCream;
input Grade Spending @@;
if Grade=7 then Prob=20/1824;
if Grade=8 then Prob=9/1025;
if Grade=9 then Prob=11/1151;
Weight=1/Prob;
datalines;
7 7 7 7 8 . 9 10 7 . 7 10 7 3 8 20 8 19 7 2
7 . 9 15 8 16 7 6 7 6 7 6 9 15 8 17 8 14 9 .
9 8 9 7 7 3 7 12 7 4 9 14 8 18 9 9 7 2 7 1
7 4 7 11 9 8 8 . 8 13 7 . 9 . 9 11 7 2 7 9
;
data StudentTotals;
input Grade _total_;
datalines;
7 1824
8 1025
9 1151
;

Considering the possibility that those students who did not respond spend differently than those students who did respond,
you can use the NOMCAR option to request the analysis to treat the respondents as a domain rather than exclude the nonrespondents.

The following SAS statements produce the desired analysis:

title 'Analysis of Ice Cream Spending';
proc surveymeans data=IceCream total=StudentTotals nomcar mean sum;
strata Grade;
var Spending;
weight Weight;
run;

Output 99.4.1 summarizes the analysis including the variance estimation method.

Output 99.4.1: Analysis of Incomplete Ice Cream Data Excluding Observations with Missing Values

The SURVEYMEANS Procedure

Output 99.4.2 shows the mean and total estimates when treating respondents as a domain in the student population. Although the point estimates
are the same as the analysis without the NOMCAR option, for this particular example, the variance estimations are slightly
higher when you assume that the missingness is not completely at random.

Output 99.4.2: Analysis of Incomplete Ice Cream Data Excluding Observations with Missing Values

9.770542 |
0.652347 |
32139 |
3515.126876 |