See SHWXEX2 in the SAS/QC Sample LibraryThe following data set (`Wire`

) contains breaking strength measurements recorded in pounds per inch for 25 samples from a metal wire manufacturing process.
The subgroup sample sizes vary between 3 and 7.

data Wire; input Sample size @; do i=1 to size; input Breakstrength @@; output; end; drop i size; label Breakstrength ='Breaking Strength (lb/in)' Sample ='Sample Index'; datalines; 1 5 60.6 62.3 62.0 60.4 59.9 2 5 61.9 62.1 60.6 58.9 65.3 3 4 57.8 60.5 60.1 57.7 4 5 56.8 62.5 60.1 62.9 58.9 5 5 63.0 60.7 57.2 61.0 53.5 6 7 58.7 60.1 59.7 60.1 59.1 57.3 60.9 7 5 59.3 61.7 59.1 58.1 60.3 8 5 61.3 58.5 57.8 61.0 58.6 9 6 59.5 58.3 57.5 59.4 61.5 59.6 10 5 61.7 60.7 57.2 56.5 61.5 11 3 63.9 61.6 60.9 12 5 58.7 61.4 62.4 57.3 60.5 13 5 56.8 58.5 55.7 63.0 62.7 14 5 62.1 60.6 62.1 58.7 58.3 15 5 59.1 60.4 60.4 59.0 64.1 16 5 59.9 58.8 59.2 63.0 64.9 17 6 58.8 62.4 59.4 57.1 61.2 58.6 18 5 60.3 58.7 60.5 58.6 56.2 19 5 59.2 59.8 59.7 59.3 60.0 20 5 62.3 56.0 57.0 61.8 58.8 21 4 60.5 62.0 61.4 57.7 22 4 59.3 62.4 60.4 60.0 23 5 62.4 61.3 60.5 57.7 60.2 24 5 61.2 55.5 60.2 60.4 62.4 25 5 59.0 66.1 57.7 58.5 58.9 ;

The following statements request an chart, shown in Output 17.35.1, for the breaking strength measurements:

ods graphics off; title 'Mean Chart for Breaking Strengths'; proc shewhart data=Wire; xchart Breakstrength*Sample; run;

Output 17.35.1: Chart with Varying Subgroup Sample Sizes

Note that the control limits vary with the subgroup sample size. The sample size legend in the lower left corner displays the minimum and maximum subgroup sample sizes.

By default, the control limits are limits estimated from the data. You can use the STDDEVIATIONS option and the SMETHOD= option to specify how the estimate of the process standard deviation is to be computed, as illustrated by the following statements:

proc shewhart data=Wire; xchart Breakstrength*Sample / outlimits=Wirelim1 outindex ='Default-Ranges' nochart; xchart Breakstrength*Sample / outlimits=Wirelim2 stddeviations outindex ='Default-Stds' nochart; xchart Breakstrength*Sample / outlimits=Wirelim3 smethod =mvlue outindex ='MVLUE -Ranges' nochart; xchart Breakstrength*Sample / outlimits=Wirelim4 stddeviations smethod =mvlue outindex ='MVLUE -Stds' nochart; xchart Breakstrength*Sample / outlimits=Wirelim5 stddeviations smethod =rmsdf outindex ='RMSDF -Stds' nochart; run;

The STDDEVIATIONS option specifies that the estimate is to be calculated from subgroup standard deviations rather than subgroup ranges, the default. The SMETHOD= option specifies the method for estimating . The default method estimates as an unweighted average of subgroup estimates of . Specifying SMETHOD=MVLUE requests a minimum variance linear unbiased estimate, and specifying SMETHOD=RMSDF requests a weighted root-mean-square estimate. For details, see Methods for Estimating the Standard Deviation.

The variable `_STDDEV_`

in each OUTLIMITS= data set contains the estimate of . The OUTINDEX= option specifies the value of the variable `_INDEX_`

in the OUTLIMITS= data set and is used here to identify the estimation method.

The following statements merge the five OUTLIMITS= data sets into a single data set, which is listed in Output 17.35.2:

data wlimits; set Wirelim1 Wirelim2 Wirelim3 Wirelim4 Wirelim5; keep _index_ _stddev_; run;

Output 17.35.2: The Data Set WLIMITS

Estimates of the Process Standard Deviation |

_INDEX_ | _STDDEV_ |
---|---|

Default-Ranges | 2.11146 |

Default-Stds | 2.15453 |

MVLUE -Ranges | 2.11240 |

MVLUE -Stds | 2.14790 |

RMSDF -Stds | 2.17479 |

The chart shown in Output 17.35.1 uses the default estimate listed first in Output 17.35.2 (). In this case, there is very little difference in the five estimates, since the sample sizes do not differ greatly. In general, the MVLUE’s are recommended with large sample sizes ().