# QQPLOT Statement: CAPABILITY Procedure

#### Example 5.21 Interpreting a Normal Q-Q Plot of Nonnormal Data

See CAPQQ2 in the SAS/QC Sample LibraryThe following statements produce the normal Q-Q plot in Output 5.21.1:

data Measures;
input Diameter @@;
label Diameter='Diameter in mm';
datalines;
5.501 5.251 5.404 5.366 5.445 5.576 5.607
5.200 5.977 5.177 5.332 5.399 5.661 5.512
5.252 5.404 5.739 5.525 5.160 5.410 5.823
5.376 5.202 5.470 5.410 5.394 5.146 5.244
5.309 5.480 5.388 5.399 5.360 5.368 5.394
5.248 5.409 5.304 6.239 5.781 5.247 5.907
5.208 5.143 5.304 5.603 5.164 5.209 5.475
5.223
;

ods graphics off;
symbol v=plus;
title 'Normal Q-Q Plot for Diameters';
proc capability data=Measures noprint;
qqplot Diameter / normal square;
run;

Output 5.21.1: Normal Quantile-Quantile Plot of Nonnormal Data

The nonlinearity of the points in Output 5.21.1 indicates a departure from normality. Since the point pattern is curved with slope increasing from left to right, a theoretical
distribution that is skewed to the right, such as a lognormal distribution, should provide a better fit than the normal distribution.
The mild curvature suggests that you should examine the data with a series of lognormal Q-Q plots for small values of the
shape parameter, as illustrated in the next example.

Copyright © SAS Institute Inc. All Rights Reserved.