The following example is a selected large-scale problem from the CUTEr test set (Gould, Orban, and Toint, Ph. L. 2003) that has 20,400 variables, 20,400 lower bounds, and 9,996 linear equality constraints. This problem was selected to provide an idea of the size of problem that the NLP solver is capable of solving. In general, the maximum size of nonlinear optimization problems that can be solved with the NLP solver is controlled less by the number of variables and more by the density of the first and second derivatives of the nonlinear objective and constraint functions.

For large-scale problems, the default memory limit might be too small, which can lead to out-of-memory status. To prevent this occurrence, it is recommended that you set a larger memory size. See the section Memory Limit for more information.

proc optmodel; num nx = 100; num ny = 100; var x {1..nx, 0..ny+1} >= 0; var y {0..nx+1, 1..ny} >= 0; min f = ( sum {i in 1..nx-1, j in 1..ny-1} (x[i,j] - 1)^2 + sum {i in 1..nx-1, j in 1..ny-1} (y[i,j] - 1)^2 + sum {i in 1..nx-1} (x[i,ny] - 1)^2 + sum {j in 1..ny-1} (y[nx,j] - 1)^2 ) / 2; con con1 {i in 2..nx-1, j in 2..ny-1}: (x[i,j] - x[i-1,j]) + (y[i,j] - y[i,j-1]) = 1; con con2 {i in 2..nx-1}: x[i,0] + (x[i,1] - x[i-1,1]) + y[i,1] = 1; con con3 {i in 2..nx-1}: x[i,ny+1] + (x[i,ny] - x[i-1,ny]) - y[i,ny-1] = 1; con con4 {j in 2..ny-1}: y[0,j] + (y[1,j] - y[1,j-1]) + x[1,j] = 1; con con5 {j in 2..ny-1}: y[nx+1,j] + (y[nx,j] - y[nx,j-1]) - x[nx-1,j] = 1; for {i in 1..nx-1} x[i,ny].lb = 1; for {j in 1..ny-1} y[nx,j].lb = 1; solve with nlp; quit;

The problem and solution summaries are shown in Output 8.4.1.

Output 8.4.1: Problem Summary and Solution Summary

The OPTMODEL Procedure

Problem Summary | |
---|---|

Objective Sense | Minimization |

Objective Function | f |

Objective Type | Quadratic |

Number of Variables | 20400 |

Bounded Above | 0 |

Bounded Below | 20400 |

Bounded Below and Above | 0 |

Free | 0 |

Fixed | 0 |

Number of Constraints | 9996 |

Linear LE (<=) | 0 |

Linear EQ (=) | 9996 |

Linear GE (>=) | 0 |

Linear Range | 0 |

Performance Information | |
---|---|

Execution Mode | On Client |

Number of Threads | 2 |

Solution Summary | |
---|---|

Solver | NLP |

Algorithm | Interior Point |

Objective Function | f |

Solution Status | Optimal |

Objective Value | 6237012.1174 |

Iterations | 6 |

Optimality Error | 6.8106459E-7 |

Infeasibility | 6.8106459E-7 |