
DEGREE=integer

specifies the degree of the spline. It can be any integer larger than or equal to zero. The default value is 3. The polynomial
degree should be a small integer, usually 0, 1, 2, or 3. Larger values are rarely useful. If you have any doubt as to what
degree to specify, use the default.

KNOTS=numberlist  n TO m BY p

specifies the interior knots or break points. The values in the knot list must be nondecreasing and must lie between the minimum
and the maximum of the spline regressor values in the input data set. The first time you specify a value in the knot list,
it indicates a discontinuity in the nth (from DEGREE=n) derivative of the transformation function at the value of the knot. The second mention of a value indicates a discontinuity
in the th derivative of the transformation function at the value of the knot. Knots can be repeated any number of times for decreasing
smoothness at the break points, but the values in the knot list can never decrease.
You cannot use the KNOTS=
option with the NKNOTS=
option. You should keep the number of knots small.

NKNOTS=m

creates m knots, the first at the percentile, the second at the percentile, and so on. Knots are always placed at data values; there is no interpolation. For example, if NKNOTS=3, knots
are placed at the 25th percentile, the median, and the 75th percentile. The value specified for the NKNOTS= option must be
. You cannot use the NKNOTS=
option with the KNOTS=
option.
Note: Specifying knots by using the NKNOTS= option can result in different sets of knots in the estimation and forecast stages
if the distributions of regressor values in the estimation and forecast spans differ. The estimation span is based on the
BACK= and SKIPFIRST= options in the ESTIMATE
statement, and the forecast span is based on the BACK= and SKIPFIRST= options in the FORECAST
statement.

NOEST

fixes the value of the regression coefficient random walk disturbance variance to the value specified in the VARIANCE=
option.

PLOT=FILTER
PLOT=SMOOTH
PLOT=( <FILTER> <SMOOTH> )

requests plotting of filtered or smoothed estimate of the timevarying regression coefficient.

PRINT=FILTER
PRINT=SMOOTH
PRINT=( <FILTER> <SMOOTH> )

requests printing of filtered or smoothed estimate of the timevarying regression coefficient.

VARIANCE=value

specifies an initial value for the regression coefficient random walk disturbance variance during the parameter estimation
process. Any nonnegative value, including zero, is an acceptable starting value.