This example uses the Color
data from Example 38.1 to output the Pearson chisquare and the likelihood ratio chisquare statistics to a SAS data set. The following PROC FREQ
statements create a twoway table of eye color versus hair color.
proc freq data=Color order=data; tables Eyes*Hair / expected cellchi2 norow nocol chisq; output out=ChiSqData n nmiss pchi lrchi; weight Count; title 'ChiSquare Tests for 3 by 5 Table of Eye and Hair Color'; run;
proc print data=ChiSqData noobs; title1 'ChiSquare Statistics for Eye and Hair Color'; title2 'Output Data Set from the FREQ Procedure'; run;
The EXPECTED option displays expected cell frequencies in the crosstabulation table, and the CELLCHI2 option displays the cell contribution to the overall chisquare. The NOROW and NOCOL options suppress the display of row and column percents in the crosstabulation table. The CHISQ option produces chisquare tests.
The OUTPUT statement creates the ChiSqData
output data set and specifies the statistics to include. The N option requests the number of nonmissing observations, the
NMISS option stores the number of missing observations, and the PCHI and LRCHI options request Pearson and likelihood ratio
chisquare statistics, respectively, together with their degrees of freedom and pvalues.
The preceding statements produce Output 38.6.1 and Output 38.6.2. The contingency table in Output 38.6.1 displays eye and hair color in the order in which they appear in the Color
data set. The Pearson chisquare statistic in Output 38.6.2 provides evidence of an association between eye and hair color (p=0.0073). The cell chisquare values show that most of the association is due to more greeneyed children with fair or red
hair and fewer with dark or black hair. The opposite occurs with the browneyed children.
Output 38.6.3 displays the output data set created by the OUTPUT statement. It includes one observation that contains the sample size, the number of missing values, and the chisquare statistics and corresponding degrees of freedom and pvalues as in Output 38.6.2.
Output 38.6.1: Contingency Table
ChiSquare Tests for 3 by 5 Table of Eye and Hair Color 


Output 38.6.2: ChiSquare Statistics
Statistic  DF  Value  Prob 

ChiSquare  8  20.9248  0.0073 
Likelihood Ratio ChiSquare  8  25.9733  0.0011 
MantelHaenszel ChiSquare  1  3.7838  0.0518 
Phi Coefficient  0.1657  
Contingency Coefficient  0.1635  
Cramer's V  0.1172 
Output 38.6.3: Output Data Set
ChiSquare Statistics for Eye and Hair Color 
Output Data Set from the FREQ Procedure 
N  NMISS  _PCHI_  DF_PCHI  P_PCHI  _LRCHI_  DF_LRCHI  P_LRCHI 

762  0  20.9248  8  .007349898  25.9733  8  .001061424 