The OUT= data set contains the following:
the original variables
a new variable indicating the cluster assignment status of each observation. The value will be less than the permitted number
of clusters (see the MAXCLUSTERS= option) if the procedure detects fewer clusters than the maximum. A positive value indicates
the cluster to which the observation was assigned. A negative value indicates that the observation was not assigned to a cluster
(see the STRICT option), and the absolute value indicates the cluster to which the observation would have been assigned. If
the value is missing, the observation cannot be assigned to any cluster. You can specify the variable name with the CLUSTER=
option. The default name is CLUSTER
.
a new variable, DISTANCE
, giving the distance from the observation to its cluster seed
If you specify the IMPUTE option, the OUT= data set also contains a new variable, _IMPUTE_
, giving the number of imputed values in each observation.
The OUTSEED= data set contains one observation for each cluster. The variables are as follows:
the BY variables, if any
a new variable giving the cluster number. You can specify the variable name with the CLUSTER= option. The default name is
CLUSTER
.
either the FREQ variable or a new variable called _FREQ_
giving the number of observations in the cluster
the WEIGHT variable, if any
a new variable, _RMSSTD_
, giving the root mean squared standard deviation for the cluster. See Chapter 33: The CLUSTER Procedure, for details.
a new variable, _RADIUS_
, giving the maximum distance between any observation in the cluster and the cluster seed
a new variable, _GAP_
, containing the distance between the current cluster mean and the nearest other cluster mean. The value is the centroid distance
given in the output.
a new variable, _NEAR_
, specifying the cluster number of the nearest cluster
the VAR variables giving the cluster means
If you specify the LEAST=p option with a value other than 2, the _RMSSTD_
variable is replaced by the _SCALE_
variable, which contains the pooled scale estimate analogous to the root mean squared standard deviation but based on pthpower deviations instead of squared deviations:
mean absolute deviation
root mean pthpower absolute deviation
maximum absolute deviation
If you specify the OUTITER option, there is one set of observations in the OUTSEED= data set for each pass through the data set (that is, one set for initial seeds, one for each iteration, and one for the final clusters). Also, several additional variables appear:
_ITER_
is the iteration number. For the initial seeds, the value is 0. For the final cluster means or centers, the _ITER_
variable is one greater than the last iteration reported in the iteration history.
_CRIT_
is the clustering criterion as described under the LEAST= option.
_CHANGE_
is the maximum over clusters of the relative change in the cluster seed from the previous iteration. The relative change in a cluster seed is the distance between the old seed and the new seed divided by a scaling factor. If you do not specify the LEAST= option, the scaling factor is the minimum distance between the initial seeds. If you specify the LEAST= option, the scaling factor is an scale estimate and is recomputed on each iteration.
_HOMPAR_
is the value of the homotopy parameter. This variable appears only for LEAST=p with 1 < p < 2.
_BINSIZ_
is the maximum bin size used for estimating medians. This variable appears only for LEAST=1.
If you specify the OUTITER option, the variables _SCALE_
or _RMSSTD_
, _RADIUS_
, _NEAR_
, and _GAP_
have missing values except for the last pass.
You can use the OUTSEED= data set as a SEED= input data set for a subsequent analysis.
The variables in the OUTSTAT= data set are as follows:
BY variables, if any
a new character variable, _TYPE_
, specifying the type of statistic given by other variables (see Table 38.2 and Table 38.3)
a new numeric variable giving the cluster number. You can specify the variable name with the CLUSTER= option. The default
name is CLUSTER
.
a new numeric variable, OVER_ALL
, containing statistics that apply over all of the VAR variables
the VAR variables giving statistics for particular variables
The values of _TYPE_
for all LEAST= options are given in Table 38.2.
Table 38.2: _TYPE_

Contents of VAR Variables 
Contents of 

INITIAL 
Initial seeds 
Missing 
CRITERION 
Missing 
Optimization criterion (see the LEAST= option); this value is displayed just before the "Cluster Summary" table. 
CENTER 
Cluster centers (see the LEAST= option) 
Missing 
SEED 
Cluster seeds: additional information used for imputation 

DISPERSION 
Dispersion estimates for each cluster (see the LEAST= option); these values are displayed in a separate row with title depending on the LEAST= option 
Dispersion estimates pooled over variables (see the LEAST= option); these values are displayed in the "Cluster Summary" table with label depending on the LEAST= option. 
FREQ 
Frequency of each cluster omitting observations with missing values for the VAR variable; these values are not displayed 
Frequency of each cluster based on all observations with any nonmissing value; these values are displayed in the "Cluster Summary" table. 
WEIGHT 
Sum of weights for each cluster omitting observations with missing values for the VAR variable; these values are not displayed 
Sum of weights for each cluster based on all observations with any nonmissing value; these values are displayed in the "Cluster Summary" table. 
Observations with _TYPE_
=’WEIGHT’ are included only if you specify the WEIGHT statement.
The _TYPE_
values included only for least squares clustering are given Table 38.3. Least squares clustering is obtained by omitting the LEAST= option or by specifying LEAST=2.
Table 38.3: _TYPE_

Contents of VAR Variables 
Contents of 

MEAN 
Mean for the total sample; this is not displayed 
Missing 
STD 
Standard deviation for the total sample; labeled "Total STD" in the output 
Standard deviation pooled over all the VAR variables; labeled "Total STD" in the output 
WITHIN_STD 
Pooled withincluster standard 
Within cluster standard deviation pooled over clusters and all the VAR variables 
RSQ 
R square for predicting the variable from the clusters; labeled "RSquared" in the output 
R square pooled over all the VAR variables; labeled "RSquared" in the output 
RSQ_RATIO 
; labeled "RSQ/(1RSQ)" in the output 
; labeled "RSQ/(1RSQ)" in the output 
PSEUDO_F 
Missing 
Pseudo F statistic 
ESRQ 
Missing 
Approximate expected value of R square under the null hypothesis of a single uniform cluster 
CCC 
Missing 
Cubic clustering criterion 