This example analyzes the data set Measure
that was introduced in the section Getting Started: TPSPLINE Procedure. That analysis determined that the final estimated surface can be represented by a quadratic function for one or both of
the independent variables. This example illustrates how you can use PROC TPSPLINE to fit a partial spline model. The data
set Measure
is fit by using the following model:

The model has a parametric component (associated with the variable) and a nonparametric component (associated with the variable). The following statements fit a partial spline model:
data Measure; set Measure; x1sq = x1*x1; run; data pred; do x1=1 to 1 by 0.1; do x2=1 to 1 by 0.1; x1sq = x1*x1; output; end; end; run; proc tpspline data= measure; model y = x1 x1sq (x2); score data = pred out = predy; run;
Output 96.1.1 displays the results from these statements.
Output 96.1.1: Output from PROC TPSPLINE
Raw Data 
Summary of Input Data Set  

Number of NonMissing Observations  50 
Number of Missing Observations  0 
Unique Smoothing Design Points  5 
Summary of Final Model  

Number of Regression Variables  2 
Number of Smoothing Variables  1 
Order of Derivative in the Penalty  2 
Dimension of Polynomial Space  4 
Summary Statistics of Final Estimation  

log10(n*Lambda)  2.2374 
Smoothing Penalty  205.3461 
Residual SS  8.5821 
Tr(IA)  43.1534 
Model DF  6.8466 
Standard Deviation  0.4460 
GCV  0.2304 
As displayed in Output 96.1.1, there are five unique design points for the smoothing variable and two regression variables in the model . The dimension of the polynomial space is the number of columns in . The standard deviation of the estimate is much larger than the one based on the model with both and as smoothing variables (0.445954 compared to 0.098421). One of the many possible explanations might be that the number of unique design points of the smoothing variable is too small to warrant an accurate estimate for .
The following statements produce a surface plot for the partial spline model by using the surface
template that is defined in the section Getting Started: TPSPLINE Procedure.
proc sgrender data=predy template=surface; dynamic _X='x1' _Y='x2' _Z='P_y' _T='Plot of Fitted Surface on a Fine Grid'; run;
The surface displayed in Output 96.1.2 is similar to the one estimated by using the full nonparametric model (displayed in Figure 96.2 and Figure 96.6).
Output 96.1.2: Plot of PROC TPSPLINE Fit from the Partial Spline Model