The FREQ statement lists a numeric variable whose value represents the frequency of the observation. If you use the FREQ statement, the procedure assumes that each observation represents n observations, where n is the value of the FREQ variable. If n is not an integer, SAS truncates it. If n is less than 1 or is missing, the observation is excluded from the analysis. The sum of the frequency variable represents the total number of observations.
The effects of the FREQ and WEIGHT statements are similar except when calculating degrees of freedom.