Gauge Repeatability and Reproducibility Analysis

In a typical gauge R&R experiment, each operator ( ) makes multiple observations on each of several similar parts ( ) from a monitored process. The statistical model used to describe the response variable is the balanced two-factor crossed random model with interaction where is an unknown constant, and are jointly independent normal random variables with means of zero and variances and , respectively. The corresponding SAS statements are as follows:

```proc varcomp method=grr;
class P O;
model y = P|O;
run;
```

The first random effect in the MODEL statement is assumed to be the "Part" effect and the second is "Operator."

The ANOVA table for the preceding model is shown in Table 97.1.

Table 97.1 GRR Analysis of Variance

Source

DF

Mean Square

Expected Mean Square

Parts(P)   Operators(O)   P O   Error(E)   The gauge R&R parameters of interest are given in Table 97.2 in terms of and Table 97.2 Gauge R&R Parameters

Parameter

Formula

Mean of population of measurements Variance of the monitored process Variance of the measurement system Total variance of the response variable Ratio of process variance to measurement variance Proportion of total variance due to the process Proportion of total variance due to the measurement Signal-to-noise ratio Discrimination ratio For a one-way model, and for a two-way model with no interaction, If you use the SPECLIMITS option to give specification limits, the two parameters in Table 97.3 will also be estimated and displayed.

Table 97.3 Gauge R&R Parameters Related to Specification Limits

Parameter

Formula

Precision-to-tolerance ratio Process capability ratio Here, USL and LSL are the specification limits, and the value corresponds to the number of standard deviations between the "natural" tolerance limits of a normal process.

If you use the RATIO option, the ratios in Table 97.4 will also be estimated and displayed.

Table 97.4 Gauge R&R Ratios

Ratio

Formula

Ratio of process variance to total variance Ratio of operator variance to total variance Ratio of process by operator variance to total variance Ratio of process variance to residual variance Ratio of operator variance to residual variance Ratio of process by operator variance to residual variance 