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The GLM Procedure

CLASS Statement
CLASS variables </ TRUNCATE> ;

The CLASS statement names the classification variables to be used in the model. Typical classification variables are Treatment, Sex, Race, Group, and Replication. If you use the CLASS statement, it must appear before the MODEL statement.

Classification variables can be either character or numeric. By default, class levels are determined from the entire set of formatted values of the CLASS variables.

Note:Prior to SAS 9, class levels were determined by using no more than the first 16 characters of the formatted values. To revert to this previous behavior, you can use the TRUNCATE option in the CLASS statement.

In any case, you can use formats to group values into levels. See the discussion of the FORMAT procedure in the Base SAS Procedures Guide and the discussions of the FORMAT statement and SAS formats in SAS Language Reference: Dictionary. You can adjust the order of CLASS variable levels with the ORDER= option in the PROC GLM statement.

The GLM procedure displays a table summarizing the CLASS variables and their levels, and you can use this to check the ordering of levels and, hence, of the corresponding parameters for main effects. If you need to check the ordering of parameters for interaction effects, use the E option in the MODEL, CONTRAST, ESTIMATE, and LSMEANS statements. See the section Parameterization of PROC GLM Models for more information.

You can specify the following option in the CLASS statement after a slash (/):


specifies that class levels should be determined by using only up to the first 16 characters of the formatted values of CLASS variables. When formatted values are longer than 16 characters, you can use this option to revert to the levels as determined in releases prior to SAS 9.

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