The output from the LP procedure is discussed in the following six sections:
Solution Summary including a Variable Summary and a Constraint Summary
RHS Sensitivity Analysis Summary (the RHS Range Analysis Summary is not discussed)
Price Sensitivity Analysis Summary (the Price Range Analysis Summary is not discussed)
For integer-constrained problems, the procedure also displays an Integer Iteration Log. The description of this Log can be found in the section Integer Programming. When you request that the tableau be displayed, the procedure displays the Current Tableau. The description of this can be found in the section The Reduced Costs, Dual Activities, and Current Tableau.
A problem data set can contain a set of constraints with several right-hand sides and several objective functions. PROC LP considers each combination of right-hand side and objective function as defining a new linear programming problem and solves each, performing all specified sensitivity analysis on each problem. For each problem defined, PROC LP displays a new sequence of output sections. Example 5.1 in the section Examples: LP Procedure discusses each of these elements.
The LP procedure produces the following displayed output by default.
The problem summary includes the
type of optimization and the name of the objective row (as identified by the ID or ROW variable)
name of the SAS variable that contains the right-hand-side constants
name of the SAS variable that contains the type keywords
density of the coefficient matrix (the ratio of the number of nonzero elements to the number of total elements) after the slack and surplus variables have been appended
number of each type of variable in the mathematical program
number of each type of constraint in the mathematical program
The solution summary includes the
termination status of the procedure
objective value of the current solution
number of phase 1 iterations that were completed
number of phase 2 iterations that were completed
number of phase 3 iterations that were completed
number of integer iterations that were completed
number of integer feasible solutions that were found
number of initial basic feasible variables identified
time used in solving the problem excluding reading the data and displaying the solution
number of inversions of the basis matrix
current value of several of the options
The variable summary includes the
column number associated with each structural or logical variable in the problem
name of each structural or logical variable in the problem. (PROC LP gives the logical variables the name of the constraint
ID. If no ID variable is specified, the procedure names the logical variable _OBS
n_, where is the observation that describes the constraint.)
variable’s status in the current solution. The status can be BASIC, DEGEN, ALTER, blank, LOWBD, or UPPBD, depending upon whether the variable is a basic variable, a degenerate variable (that is, a basic variable whose activity is at its input lower bound), a nonbasic variable that can be brought into the basis to define an alternate optimal solution, a nonbasic variable at its default lower bound 0, a nonbasic variable at its lower bound, or a nonbasic variable at its upper bound.
type of variable (whether it is logical or structural, and, if structural, its bound type, or other value restriction). See Example 5.1 for a list of possible types in the variable summary.
value of the objective coefficient associated with each variable
activity of the variable in the current solution
variable’s reduced cost in the current solution
The constraint summary includes the
constraint row number and its ID
kind of constraint (whether it is an OBJECTIVE, LE, EQ, GE, RANGELE, RANGEEQ, RANGEGE, or FREE row)
number of the slack or surplus variable associated with the constraint row
value of the right-hand-side constant associated with the constraint row
current activity of the row (excluding logical variables)
current activity of the dual variable (shadow price) associated with the constraint row
The infeasible information summary includes the
name of the infeasible row or variable
current activity for the row or variable
type of the row or variable
value of right-hand-side constant
name of each nonzero and nonmissing variable in the row
activity and upper and lower bounds for the variable
The RHS sensitivity analysis summary includes the
value of
leaving variable when
objective value when
value of
leaving variable when
objective value when
column number and name of each logical and structural variable
variable’s status when
variable’s reduced cost when
value of right-hand-side constant when
activity of the variable when
value of right-hand-side constant when
activity of the variable when
The price sensitivity analysis summary includes the
value of
entering variable when
objective value when
value of
entering variable when
objective value when
column number and name of each logical and structural variable
variable’s status when
activity of the variable when
price of the variable when
variable’s reduced cost when
price of the variable when
variable’s reduced cost when