 Functions and CALL Routines

# ANYUPPER Function

Searches a character string for an uppercase letter, and returns the first position at which the letter is found.
 Category: Character Restriction: I18N Level 2

## Syntax

 ANYUPPER(string <,start>)

### Arguments

string

is the character constant, variable, or expression to search.

start

is an optional integer that specifies the position at which the search should start and the direction in which to search.

The results of the ANYUPPER function depend directly on the translation table that is in effect (see TRANTAB System Option) and indirectly on the ENCODING System Option and the LOCALE System Option in SAS National Language Support (NLS): Reference Guide.

The ANYUPPER function searches a string for the first occurrence of an uppercase letter. If such a character is found, ANYUPPER returns the position in the string of that character. If no such character is found, ANYUPPER returns a value of 0.

If you use only one argument, ANYUPPER begins the search at the beginning of the string. If you use two arguments, the absolute value of the second argument, start, specifies the position at which to begin the search. The direction in which to search is determined in the following way:

• If the value of start is positive, the search proceeds to the right.

• If the value of start is negative, the search proceeds to the left.

• If the value of start is less than the negative length of the string, the search begins at the end of the string.

ANYUPPER returns a value of zero when one of the following is true:

• The value of start is greater than the length of the string.

• The value of start = 0.

The ANYUPPER function searches a character string for an uppercase letter. The NOTUPPER function searches a character string for a character that is not an uppercase letter.

The following example uses the ANYUPPER function to search a string for an uppercase letter.

```data _null_;
string='Next = _n_ + 12E3;';
j=0;
do until(j=0);
j=anyupper(string,j+1);
if j=0 then put +3 "That's all";
else do;
c=substr(string,j,1);
put +3 j= c=;
end;
end;
run;```

The following lines are written to the SAS log:

```   j=1 c=N
j=16 c=E
That's all```

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