The OUTPUT statement creates a new SAS data set that contains diagnostic measures calculated after fitting the model.
All the variables in the original data set are included in the new data set, along with new variables that are created with
keywords specified in the OUTPUT statement. These new variables contain the values of a variety of statistics and diagnostic measures
that are calculated for each observation in the data set. If no keywords are present, the OUT= data set contains only the original data set and predicted values. The predicted values include the
linear predictor for the response and the prediction for each smoothing term in the model. When you specify a distribution
family with the DIST= or LINK= option in the MODEL statement, predicted response values after applying the inverse link
function are also included. Predicted values are computed for observations that have missing response values, nonmissing values
in the explanatory variables, and values of the smoothing variables that are within the smoothing ranges of the fitted model.
You can specify the following options in the OUTPUT statement:

OUT=SASdataset

specifies the name of the new data set to contain the diagnostic
measures. This option is required.

keyword <=prefix>

specifies the statistics to include in the output data set. The keywords and the statistics they represent are as follows:
 PREDICTED

predicted values for each smoothing component and overall predicted values on the response scale at design points. The prediction
for each spline or loess term is only for the nonlinear component of each smoother.
 LINP

linear prediction values on the link scale at design points
 UCLM

upper confidence limits for each predicted smoothing component
 LCLM

lower confidence limits for each predicted smoothing component
 ADIAG

diagonal element of the hat matrix associated with the observation for each smoothing spline component
 RESIDUAL

residual standardized by its weights
 STD

standard deviation of the prediction for each smoothing component
 ALL

all statistics in this list
The names of the new variables that contain the statistics are formed by concatenating a prefix and the corresponding variable names. If you do not specify a prefix, the names are formed by using default prefixes listed in the following table:
Keyword

Prefix

PRED

P_

LINP

LINP_

UCLM

UCLM_

LCLM

LCLM_

ADIAG

ADIAG_

RESID

R_

STD

STD_ (for spline)


STDP_ (for loess)

For example, suppose that you have a dependent variable y
and an independent smoothing variable x
. If you specify the keywords PRED=MyP_ and ADIAG=MyA_, the new variables in the output SAS data set are MyP_y
, MyP_x
, and MyA_x
. If you specify the keywords PRED and ADIAG without prefixes, the new variables are P_y
, P_x
, and ADIAG_x
.