The FILTER statement enables you to filter the results of the PLM procedure, specifically the contents of ODS tables and the output data sets. There can be at most one FILTER statement per PROC PLM run, and the filter is applied to all BY groups and to all queries generated through WHERE expressions.

A filter *expression* follows the same pattern as a *where-expression* in the WHERE
statement. The expressions consist of operands and operators. For more information about specifying *where-expressions*, see the WHERE
statement for the PLM procedure and
*SAS Language Reference: Concepts*.

Valid keywords for the formation of operands in the FILTER statement are shown in Table 75.6.

Table 75.6: Keywords for Filtering Results

Keyword |
Description |
---|---|

Prob |
Regular (unadjusted) p-values from t, F, or chi-square tests |

ProbChi |
Regular (unadjusted) p-values from chi-square tests |

ProbF |
Regular (unadjusted) p-values from F tests |

ProbT |
Regular (unadjusted) p-values from t tests |

AdjP |
Adjusted p-values |

Estimate |
Results displayed in "Estimates" column of ODS tables |

Pred |
Predicted values in SCORE output data sets |

Resid |
Residuals in SCORE output data sets. |

Std |
Standard errors in ODS tables and in SCORE results |

Mu |
Results displayed in the "Mean" column of ODS tables (this column is typically produced by the ILINK option) |

tValue |
The value of the usual t statistic |

FValue |
The value of the usual F statistic |

Chisq |
The value of the chi-square statistic |

testStat |
The value of the test statistic (a generic keyword for the 'tValue', 'FValue', and 'Chisq' tokens) |

Lower |
The lower confidence limit displayed in ODS tables |

Upper |
The upper confidence limit displayed in ODS tables |

AdjLower |
The adjusted lower confidence limit displayed in ODS tables |

AdjUpper |
The adjusted upper confidence limit displayed in ODS tables |

LowerMu |
The lower confidence limit for the mean displayed in ODS tables |

UpperMu |
The upper confidence limit for the mean displayed in ODS tables |

AdjLowerMu |
The adjusted lower confidence limit for the mean displayed in ODS tables |

AdjUpperMu |
The adjusted upper confidence limit for the mean displayed in ODS tables |

When you write filtering expressions, be advised that filtering variables that are not used in the results are typically set to missing values. For example, the following statements select all results (filter nothing) because no adjusted p-values are computed:

proc plm restore=MyStore; lsmeans a / diff; filter adjp < 0.05; run;

If the adjusted p-values are set to missing values, the condition `adjp < 0.05`

is true in each case (missing values always compare smaller than the smallest nonmissing value).

See Comparing Multiple B-Splines for an example of using the FILTER statement.

Filtering results has no affect on the item store contents that are displayed with the SHOW statement. However, BY-group selection with the WHERE statement can limit the amount of information that is displayed by the SHOW statements.