Notation for the Finite Mixture Model |

The general expression for the finite mixture model fitted with the FMM procedure is as follows:

The number of components in the mixture is denoted as . The mixture probabilities can depend on regressor variables and parameters . By default, the FMM procedure models these probabilities using a logit transform if and as a generalized logit model if . The component distributions can also depend on regressor variables in , regression parameters , and possibly scale parameters . Notice that the component distributions are indexed by since the distributions might belong to different families. For example, in a two-component model, you might model one component as a normal (Gaussian) variable and the second component as a variable with a distribution with low degrees of freedom to manage overdispersion.

The mixture probabilities satisfy , for all , and