The FASTCLUS Procedure 
Displayed Output 
Unless the SHORT or SUMMARY option is specified, PROC FASTCLUS displays the following:
Initial Seeds, cluster seeds selected after one pass through the data
Change in Cluster Seeds for each iteration, if you specify MAXITER=
If you specify the LEAST=p option, with , and you omit the IRLS option, an additional column is displayed in the Iteration History table. This column contains a character to identify the method used in each iteration. PROC FASTCLUS chooses the most efficient method to cluster the data at each iterative step, given the condition of the data. Thus, the method chosen is data dependent. The possible values are described as follows:
Value 
Method 

N 
Newton’s Method 

I or L 
iteratively weighted least squares (IRLS) 

1 
IRLS step, halved once 

2 
IRLS step, halved twice 

3 
IRLS step, halved three times 
PROC FASTCLUS displays a Cluster Summary, giving the following for each cluster:
Cluster number
Frequency, the number of observations in the cluster
Weight, the sum of the weights of the observations in the cluster, if you specify the WEIGHT statement
RMS Std Deviation, the root mean squared across variables of the cluster standard deviations, which is equal to the root mean square distance between observations in the cluster
Maximum Distance from Seed to Observation, the maximum distance from the cluster seed to any observation in the cluster
Nearest Cluster, the number of the cluster with mean closest to the mean of the current cluster
Centroid Distance, the distance between the centroids (means) of the current cluster and the nearest other cluster
A table of statistics for each variable is displayed unless you specify the SUMMARY option. The table contains the following:
Total STD, the total standard deviation
Within STD, the pooled withincluster standard deviation
RSquared, the R square for predicting the variable from the cluster
RSQ/(1  RSQ), the ratio of betweencluster variance to withincluster variance
OVERALL, all of the previous quantities pooled across variables
PROC FASTCLUS also displays the following:
Pseudo Statistic,
where R square is the observed overall R square, is the number of clusters, and is the number of observations. The pseudo statistic was suggested by Calinski and Harabasz (1974). See Milligan and Cooper (1985) and Cooper and Milligan (1988) regarding the use of the pseudo statistic in estimating the number of clusters. See Example 29.2 in Chapter 29, The CLUSTER Procedure, for a comparison of pseudo statistics.
Observed Overall RSquared, if you specify the SUMMARY option
Approximate Expected Overall RSquared, the approximate expected value of the overall R square under the uniform null hypothesis assuming that the variables are uncorrelated. The value is missing if the number of clusters is greater than onefifth the number of observations.
Cubic Clustering Criterion, computed under the assumption that the variables are uncorrelated. The value is missing if the number of clusters is greater than onefifth the number of observations.
If you are interested in the approximate expected R square or the cubic clustering criterion but your variables are correlated, you should cluster principal component scores from the PRINCOMP procedure. Both of these statistics are described by Sarle (1983). The performance of the cubic clustering criterion in estimating the number of clusters is examined by Milligan and Cooper (1985) and Cooper and Milligan (1988).
Distances Between Cluster Means, if you specify the DISTANCE option
Unless you specify the SHORT or SUMMARY option, PROC FASTCLUS displays the following:
Cluster Means for each variable
Cluster Standard Deviations for each variable
Copyright © SAS Institute, Inc. All Rights Reserved.