The RANDOM
and REPEATED
statements of the HPLMIXED procedure follow the convention of the same statements in the MIXED procedure in SAS/STAT software.
For information about how these statements differ from RANDOM and REPEATED statements in the MIXED procedure, see the documentation
for the MIXED procedure in the
*SAS/STAT User's Guide*.

The GLIMMIX procedure in SAS/STAT software fits generalized linear mixed models. Linear mixed models—where the data are normally distributed, given the random effects—are in the class of generalized linear mixed models. Therefore, PROC GLIMMIX accommodates nonnormal data with random effects.

Generalized linear mixed models have intrinsically nonlinear features because a nonlinear mapping (the link function) connects the conditional mean of the data (given the random effects) to the explanatory variables. The NLMIXED procedure also accommodates nonlinear structures in the conditional mean, but places no restrictions on the nature of the nonlinearity.

The HPMIXED procedure in SAS/STAT software is also termed a "high-performance" procedure, but it does not follow the general pattern of high-performance analytical procedures. The HPMIXED procedure does not take advantage of distributed or multicore computing environments; it derives high performance from applying sparse techniques to solving the mixed model equations. The HPMIXED procedure fits a small subset of the statistical models you can fit with the MIXED or HPLMIXED procedures and is particularly suited for problems in which the crossproducts matrix is sparse.

The HPLMIXED procedure employs algorithms that are specialized for distributed and multicore computing environments. The HPLMIXED procedure does not support BY processing.