Functions and CALL Routines |
Category: | Date and Time |
Syntax | |
Arguments | |
Details | |
The Basics | |
Retail Calendar Intervals | |
Examples | |
See Also |
Syntax |
INTSEAS(interval<<multiple.<shift-index>>>) |
specifies a character constant, a variable, or an expression that contains an interval name such as WEEK, MONTH, or QTR. Interval can appear in uppercase or lowercase. The possible values of interval are listed in the Intervals Used with Date and Time Functions table in SAS Language Reference: Concepts.
Multipliers and shift indexes can be used with the basic interval names to construct more complex interval specifications. The general form of an interval name is as follows:
The three parts of the interval name are as follows:
specifies the name of the basic interval type. For example, YEAR specifies yearly intervals.
specifies an optional multiplier that sets the interval equal to a multiple of the period of the basic interval type. For example, the interval YEAR2 consists of two-year, or biennial, periods.
See: | Incrementing Dates and Times by Using Multipliers and by Shifting Intervals for more information. |
specifies an optional shift index that shifts the interval to start at a specified subperiod starting point. For example, YEAR.3 specifies yearly periods shifted to start on the first of March of each calendar year and to end in February of the following year.
Restriction: | The shift index cannot be greater than the number of subperiods in the whole interval. For example, you could use YEAR2.24, but YEAR2.25 would be an error because there is no 25th month in a two-year interval. |
Restriction: | If the default shift period is the same as the interval type, then only multiperiod intervals can be shifted with the optional shift index. For example, because MONTH type intervals shift by MONTH subperiods by default, monthly intervals cannot be shifted with the shift index. However, bimonthly intervals can be shifted with the shift index, because there are two MONTH intervals in each MONTH2 interval. For example, the interval name MONTH2.2 specifies bimonthly periods starting on the first day of even-numbered months. |
See: | Incrementing Dates and Times by Using Multipliers and by Shifting Intervals for more information. |
Details |
The INTSEAS function returns the number of intervals in a seasonal cycle. For example, when the interval for a time series is described as monthly, then many procedures use the option INTERVAL=MONTH. Each observation in the data then corresponds to a particular month. Monthly data is considered to be periodic for a one-year period. A year contains 12 months, so the number of intervals (months) in a seasonal cycle (year) is 12.
Quarterly data is also considered to be periodic for a one-year period. A year contains four quarters, so the number of intervals in a seasonal cycle is four.
The periodicity is not always one year. For example, INTERVAL=DAY is considered to have a period of one week. Because there are seven days in a week, the number of intervals in the seasonal cycle is seven.
For more information about working with date and time intervals, see Date and Time Intervals.
The retail industry often accounts for its data by dividing the yearly calendar into four 13-week periods, based on one of the following formats: 4-4-5, 4-5-4, or 5-4-4. The first, second, and third numbers specify the number of weeks in the first, second, and third month of each period, respectively. For more information, see Retail Calendar Intervals: ISO 8601 Compliant in SAS Language Reference: Concepts.
Examples |
The following SAS statements produce these results:
See Also |
Function: |
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