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Window Reference

Forecast Combination Model Specification Window

Use the Forecast Combination Model Specification window to produce forecasts by averaging the forecasts of two or more forecasting models. The specified combination of models is added to the model list for the series. Access this window from the Develop Models window whenever two or more models have been fit to the current series. It is invoked by selecting Combine Forecasts from the Fit Model submenu of the Edit menu, or from the pop-up menu which appears when you click an empty part of the model table.


Controls and Fields


is the name and variable label of the current series.


is a descriptive label for the model that you specify. You can type a label in this field or allow the system to provide a label. If you leave the label blank, a label is generated automatically based on the options you specify.


is a column of the forecasting model table that contains the weight values for each model. The forecasts for the combined model are computed as a weighted average of the predictions from the models in the table that use these weights. Models with missing weight values are not included in the forecast combination. You can type weight values in these fields or you can use other features of the window to set the weights.

Model Description

is a column of the forecasting model table that contains the descriptive labels of the forecasting models fit to the current series that are available for combination.

Root Mean Square Error (or other statistic name) button

is the button above the right side of the table. It displays the name of the current model selection criterion: a statistic that measures how well each model in the table fits the values of the current series for observations within the evaluation range. Clicking this button opens the Model Selection Criterion window to enable you to select a different statistic.

Normalize Weights button

replaces each nonmissing value in the Weights column with the current value divided by the sum of the weights. The resulting weights are proportional to original weights and sum to 1.

Fit Regression Weights button

computes weight values for the models in the table by regressing the series on the predictions from the models. The values in the Weights column are replaced by the estimated coefficients produced by this linear regression. If some weight values are nonmissing and some are missing, only models with nonmissing weight values are included in the regression. If all weights are missing, all models are used.


closes the Forecast Combination Model Specification window and fits the model.


closes the Forecast Combination Model Specification window without fitting the model. Any options you specified are lost.


resets all options to their initial values upon entry to the Forecast Combination Model Specification window. This might be useful when editing an existing model specification; otherwise, Reset has the same function as Clear.


resets all options to their default values.

Mouse Button Actions

You can select or deselect models for inclusion in the combination model by positioning the mouse cursor over the model description and pressing the left mouse button. When you select a model in this way, the weights are automatically updated.

The newly selected model is given a weight equal to the average weight of the previously selected models, and all the nonmissing weights are normalized to sum to 1. When you use the mouse to remove a model from the combination, the weight of the deselected model is set to missing and the remaining nonmissing weights are normalized to sum to 1.

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