Creating a Hive Job


You want to process data in a Hadoop cluster with a language that uses an SQL-like syntax.


You can create a SAS Data Integration Studio job that contains the Hive transformation. Hive is a data warehouse system for Hadoop. You can easily summarize data, run ad hoc queries, and generate the analysis of large data sets stored in Hadoop compatible file systems. Hive also enables you to project structure onto this data and query the data by using an SQL-like language called HiveQL. For more information about Hive, see
Perform the following tasks.


Create a Hive Job

The Hive job for this example contains the Hive transformation and three target tables. This job structure enables the submission of multiple Hadoop Hive statements to multiple Hive target tables.
Perform the following steps to create and populate the job:
  1. Create an empty SAS Data Integration Studio job.
  2. Select a Hive transformation from the Hadoop folder in the Transformations tree. Then, drop it in the empty job on the Diagram tab in the Job Editor window.
  3. Select one or more target tables and add them to the Diagram tab. The target tables for the sample job are named HadoopHiveMultTargetsStatements1, HadoopHiveMultTargetsStatements2, and HadoopHiveMultTargetsStatements3.
  4. Connect each target table to an output from the Hive transformation.
    The Diagram tab for the job is shown in the following display:
    Hadoop Hive Job Flow
    Hadoop Hive Job Flow
    Note that the source table for this particular job is specified in the HiveQL statements described in the next section. You can also create a job that includes a source table that you add to the Diagram tab and connect to the input port of the Hive transformation. The source table for the Hive transformation must be a Hadoop table.

Configure the Job

The configuration needed for the Hive transformation varies from job to job. This sample job requires that you add two SELECT statements and one SHOW TABLES statement to the table on the HiveQL tab.
The HiveHQ tab is shown in the following display:
HiveHQ Tab
HiveHQ Tab
Note that the Hive statements are listed in the Hive statement field at the top of the tab. The code for the selected statement is displayed in the HiveQL Statement field at the bottom of the tab. For this job, the first two statements select the contents of the CLASS_HIVE table and specify a target table. The third row adds a SHOW TABLES statement with no target table.

Run the Job and Review the Output

Run the job and verify that the job completes without error. Then, review the output. Based on the HiveQL statements specified in the Hive transformation, the first two tables should contain the same output and the third table should contain no observations.
The following display shows the output from the first table:
Hive Output
Hive Output
Note: This table can take an unexpectedly long time to close. The delay is longer when row counts are enabled. Therefore, consider clearing the Enable row count on basic properties for tables check box on the General tab of the Options window. (You can access the Options window from the Tools menu.)