Power and sample size analysis optimizes the resource usage and design of a study, improving chances of conclusive results with maximum efficiency. The standard statistical testing paradigm implicitly assumes that Type I errors (mistakenly concluding significance when there is no true effect) are more costly than Type II errors (missing a truly significant result). This may be appropriate for your situation, or the relative costs of the two types of error may be reversed. Power and sample size analysis can help you achieve your desired balance between Type I and Type II errors. With optimal designs and sample sizes, you can improve your chances of detecting effects that might otherwise have been ignored, save money and time, and perhaps minimize risks to subjects.
Below are highlights of the capabilities of the SAS/STAT procedures that perform power and sample size analysis: