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Accessibility Features of SAS Visual Analytics 7.1


Overview

SAS Visual Analytics Home Page, SAS Visual Analytics Explorer, SAS Visual Analytics Designer, and SAS Visual Analytics Viewer 7.1 have been tested against the accessibility standards for electronic information technology that were adopted by the U.S. Government under Section 508 of the U.S. Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (2008 draft proposal initiative update). It was also tested against Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 levels A and AA, part of the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) of the Worldwide Web Consortium (W3C).

SAS Visual Analytics Administrator, SAS Visual Analytics Graph Builder, SAS Visual Data Builder 7.1 have not been tested against U.S. Section 508 standards and W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG). If you have questions about its accessibility, send email to accessibility@sas.com or call SAS Technical Support.


Documentation Format

Please contact accessibility@sas.com if you need this document in an alternative digital format.


Landmarks

Landmarks are references to the primary areas of an application's user interface. They provide a quick and easy way for keyboard users to navigate to these areas of the application.

To access the list of landmarks that are available for a specific context, press Ctrl+F6 to open the Landmarks window. Use the arrow keys to select a landmark, and then press Enter to navigate to that area of the application.


User Interface Layout

SAS Visual Analytics contains the following interfaces:

To customize the application window and its features, open the Preferences window. On the SAS Visual Analytics home page, click the Edit Preferences button to open the Preferences window. For more information about the layout and features of SAS Visual Analytics,


Themes

An applications theme is the collection of colors, graphics, and fonts that appear in the application. The following themes are provided with this application: SAS Corporate (default theme), SAS Blue Steel, SAS Dark, SAS High Contrast, and SAS Light. To change the theme for the application, open the Preferences window, and go to the Global Preferences page. From this page, you can also invert the application colors or configure the indicator that shows where the focus is located in your user interface. On the SAS Visual Analytics home page, click the Edit Preferences button to open the Preferences window. For more information about the layout and features of SAS Visual Analytics, see SAS Visual Analytics: User's Guide.

To change your preference for a report theme in the designer, open the Preferences window, and go to the General Preferences page. Select your default report theme. For more information about report themes, see SAS Visual Analytics: User's Guide.

You can use the Styles tab in the designer to override the default background color, the default font, and the default font color for the report theme. You can use the Reset Theme button on the Styles tab to reset the default report style when you have overridden the background color, font, or font color.

Note: You can use keyboard shortcuts to magnify the contents of the browser window or to invert the application colors. For more information, see the Keyboard Shortcuts table below.

Note: If you have special requirements for your themes, then contact your system administrator or visual designer about using the SAS Theme Designer for Flex application to build custom themes. SAS Theme Designer for Flex is installed with SAS themes. For more information about this tool, see SAS Theme Designer for Flex: User's Guide.

Custom report themes are now automatically created when a coordinating custom application theme is created in SAS Theme Designer for Flex. These custom report themes can then be used in SAS Visual Analytics reports.


Keyboard Shortcuts

The following table contains many of the keyboard shortcuts for the application. In the user interface, some shortcuts are displayed within parentheses in tooltips and menu item labels. Some are also displayed in the Keyboard Shortcuts window (press F9 to open that window).

Note: When you use a keyboard shortcut to activate a button, move the focus to the field or section that the button is associated with before you use the keyboard shortcut. For example, if a table has an associated Help button, you must first move the focus to the table before you press Ctrl+?.

Keyboard Shortcuts

Action
Keyboard Shortcut
Open the Keyboard Shortcuts window.
F9
Note: The Keyboard Shortcuts window might not contain all of the shortcuts for your application.
Open a Help pop-up window from the Help button.
Ctrl+?
Note: This shortcut does not work on some keyboards (for example, the Italian keyboard).
Zoom in.
Ctrl+plus sign
Zoom out.
Ctrl+minus sign
Reset the zoom state.
Ctrl+0
Maximize view (collapses the category pane and the tile pane, and hides the status bar and the application bar, which includes the menu bar).
or
Exit maximized view (expands the category pane and the tile pane, and shows the status bar and the application bar).
Ctrl+Alt+Shift+M
Open a pop-up menu.
Shift+F9 (if a menu is available in that context)
Note: If you use Shift+F9 to display the pop-up menu, then it is always displayed in the top left corner of the user interface control that you are using.
Open the Landmarks window.
Ctrl+F6
Temporarily invert or revert application colors (for the current session only).
Note: You can set the Invert application colors preference in the Preferences window if you want the color change to persist across sessions.
Ctrl+~
Rename the selected tab.
Make sure that the focus is on the tab. Press F2, and specify the new name. To commit your changes, press Enter. To cancel your changes, press Esc.
Close the selected tab.
Make sure that the focus is on the tab, and then press Delete.
Note: Some tabs cannot be closed.
Switch in and out of Edit mode for a table cell.
To enter Edit mode, select a cell, and press F2.
To exit Edit mode, press Esc.
Navigate between table headings and table content.
For a two-dimensional table, make sure that the focus is on the table and that you are not in Edit mode. Press Ctrl+F8 to switch the focus between column headings and table cells. Use the arrow keys to navigate from heading to heading.
For a multidimensional table, make sure that the focus is on a table cell and that you are not in Edit mode. Press Ctrl+F8 to switch the focus between column headings, row headings, and table cells. Use the arrow keys to navigate from heading to heading.
Navigate the content rows of a table.
When table cells are in Edit mode:
  • Press Tab and Shift+Tab to move from cell to cell horizontally across columns.
  • Press Enter and Shift+Enter to move from cell to cell vertically across rows.
When table cells are not in Edit mode, use the arrow keys to move from cell to cell.
Sort columns in a table.
To sort a single column, navigate to its column heading (press Ctrl+F8). Press the spacebar to sort the column.
To sort additional columns, navigate to the column heading of each additional column that you want to sort. Press Ctrl+spacebar.
Change the width of the current column.
Navigate to the column heading (press Ctrl+F8). Then press Ctrl+left arrow or Ctrl+right arrow to change the width of the column.
Move the current column.
Navigate to the column heading (press Ctrl+F8). Then press Shift+left arrow to move one column to the left, and press Shift+right arrow to move one column to the right.
Automatically re-size the current column to fit its contents.
Navigate to the column heading (press Ctrl+F8). Then press Enter.
Open a drop-down list or drop-down menu.
Make sure that the focus is on the control, and press Ctrl+down arrow.
Change the month or year in a calendar control.
Move the focus to the calendar control.
  • To change the month, press Page Up to go to the previous month, and press Page Down to go to the next month.
  • To change the year, press the minus sign key to go to the previous year, and press the plus sign key to go to the next year.
Exit a single application in the SAS Visual Analytics home page.
Tab to the applications button at the top of the browser window, and press Delete.


Exceptions to Accessibility Standards

Some exceptions to accessibility standards are documented in the following table.

Note: The JAWS issues occur when JAWS is used with Internet Explorer. Other browsers were not tested with JAWS, unless noted.

Exceptions to Accessibility Standards

Accessibility Issue
Workaround
Sometimes, you cannot use the keyboard to sequentially navigate through the interface and move the focus in a meaningful order.
No workaround is available.
The SAS High Contrast theme has a few unresolved focus and contrast issues.
For contrast issues, select a different theme, and then press Ctrl+~ to invert the colors.
The SAS Light theme and SAS Dark theme might not provide sufficient color contrast for some users.
Use the SAS Corporate theme or the SAS High Contrast theme.
JAWS cannot read some of the controls in the application, such as images, icons, and buttons.
No workaround is available.
JAWS cannot read the tooltips of items in trees, lists, and menus.
No workaround is available.
JAWS refers to table controls as list boxes.
When JAWS reports that a control is a list box, keep in mind that it might actually be a table.
JAWS can sometimes read controls that are not available to users.
No workaround is available.
JAWS does not correctly read the states in a tri-state check box tree if JAWS is not in Forms mode.
Disable the JAWS Virtual PC cursor when you work with the check box tree. Tab to the tree, and press Insert+Z to disable the Virtual PC cursor. When you finish interacting with the tree, press Insert+Z to re-enable the Virtual PC cursor.
The keyboard shortcuts that are used to interact with editable tables can conflict with keyboard shortcuts for the Forms mode in JAWS.
As a best practice, disable the JAWS Virtual PC cursor when you work with tables. Tab to the table, and press Insert+Z to disable the Virtual PC cursor. When you finish interacting with the table, press Insert+Z to re-enable the Virtual PC cursor.
JAWS cannot read two-column property tables.
No workaround is available.
JAWS does not correctly read the information in a table:
  • JAWS cannot read the column headings of a table.
  • When table cells are not editable and the focus is on the body of the table, JAWS reads an entire row at a time instead of cell by cell.
  • When table cells are editable and the focus is on the body of the table, JAWS reads only the first row of the table. If you use the arrow keys to select a cell or row, then JAWS does not read anything. If you press Enter to edit a cell, then JAWS reads the row that contains the edited cell.
No workaround is available.
When a table cell is selected and you press Home, End, Page Up, or Page Down, the focus moves to the first displayed column, regardless of which column you were in.
Use the arrow keys to navigate through the cells of the table.
You cannot use the keyboard to scroll to the left and the right in some tables.
No workaround is available.
You cannot use the keyboard to activate the links within how-to topics and Help pop-up windows.
Use the Help menu to access the linked documents.
You cannot use Shift+F10 to open a pop-up menu.
Use Shift+F9 to open pop-up menus that are created for the SAS application. The generic menu that is provided by the Flash player cannot be opened by Shift+F9.
Note: If you press Shift+F10 in Internet Explorer and no pop-up menu is available, the browser moves the focus to the File menu for the browser tab. To return focus to the application area of the browser window, press Esc.
You cannot use the keyboard to access the close (x) button that is in the top right corner of a tab.
Make sure that the focus is on the tab, and then press Delete to close the tab.
Visual focus for the menu bar is indicated with an outline around the entire menu bar instead of around individual menus.
To select individual menus, use the left or right arrow key.
Sometimes, you cannot use the Tab key to move the focus to the application area of a web browser (that is, the part of the browser window that is controlled by the Flash player).
The following workaround is applicable to Internet Explorer only.
Press Ctrl+number, where number is the ordinal position of the applications tab in the set of tabs that are open in your browser window. Then press Tab to move the focus to the application area.
You cannot use the Tab key to move the focus outside of a code or expression editor. Pressing Tab within the editor only inserts tabs.
For Internet Explorer, press Shift+F10, and then press Esc to move the focus outside of the editor.
For Firefox, press Alt+Tab to switch to another application. When you switch back, the focus will be outside of the editor.
If you tab to an item that is partially or entirely off-screen, the item is not automatically scrolled back into view.
Sometimes, you can use the arrow keys or the Tab key to scroll the item back into view.
When you use the Ctrl+plus sign keyboard shortcut to zoom in, some portions of the interface can become hidden from view.
Use the keyboard to access the hidden parts of the interface.
The Ctrl+plus sign and Ctrl+minus sign keyboard shortcuts for zooming in and out do not work on some menus unless the menus are first opened.
Open the menu before you use the keyboard shortcut.
The Ctrl+plus sign and Ctrl+minus sign keyboard shortcuts for zooming in and out do not work on all elements in the application window (for example, tooltips and button labels).
No workaround is available.
You cannot use the keyboard to navigate in the Layout section because it is a Read-Only interface that is used for the visual verification of the elements that have been created.
Use the test button that is in the Layout section to preview your elements in a secondary window. The items that are displayed in the secondary window are identical to the items that are displayed in the Layout section, but unlike the items in the Read-Only Layout section, you can interact with the items in the secondary window.
Note: After the application opens the secondary window, press Tab to move the focus to the window.
You cannot use the keyboard to access the color blocks in the Recently used section of the color selection control.
No workaround is available.
JAWS does not explain how to operate a drop-down list and drop-down menu.
JAWS refers to these controls as either "button", "button menu", or "combo box". In addition to using Ctrl+down arrow to open these drop-down lists and menus, you can also activate buttons and some button menus by pressing spacebar. Pressing spacebar either opens the control or selects the default item.
When JAWS reads the control names in a breadcrumb, it does not distinguish between the breadcrumb buttons that contain drop-down menus and those that do not.
Check for a drop-down menu by pressing Ctrl+down arrow on a breadcrumb button. A drop-down menu opens if one exists for that button.
When you use the down arrow to scroll through the items in a "combo box," any item that opens a secondary window will do so when you scroll down to it. This prevents you from navigating to items that are farther down in the drop-down list.
Press Ctrl+down arrow to scroll through the items in the drop-down list, and then press Enter or Tab to make a selection.
JAWS cannot read the contents of a tree table (that is, a table that contains a tree) unless the table is in Edit mode.
Make sure that the focus is in the tree table, and press F2 to enter Edit mode.
JAWS cannot read the content selection tree.
No workaround is available.
After you edit or delete a comment, the focus does not return to the comment.
Use the Tab key to return the focus to the comment.
JAWS incorrectly states that you should use Ctrl+Tab to switch tabs.
To switch from one tab to the next, press the left or right arrow key and then press Enter or spacebar.
When JAWS is running, pressing the up and down arrow in a number selector causes your browser to crash.
Enter the number instead of using the arrow keys to select it.
JAWS does not read the applications that are listed in the drop-down list of the home button.
No workaround is available.
You cannot determine which cell in a table row has the focus unless the cell is in Edit mode.
No workaround is available.
When you open a new application from the Home button in the application bar, the focus is lost. This might also happen when you press the spacebar while any button in the application bar is in focus.
Press Tab and the focus should return to either the Home button or another button in the application bar.
When JAWS is running, some drop-down menus do not work correctly with the keyboard.
Changing the JAWS cursor mode (press Insert+Z) can sometimes help.
In some charts, graphs, and diagrams, color is the only means for conveying certain types of information.
You can use SAS Theme Designer for Flex to create custom colors that are easier for low-vision and color-blind users to discern.
You cannot use the keyboard to move the focus to the buttons that are used for changing the month and year in the calendar control.
Move the focus to the calendar control.
  • To change the month, press Page Up to go to the previous month, and press Page Down to go to the next month.
  • To change the year, press the minus sign key to go to the previous year, and press the plus sign key to go to the next year.
Using the Alt Gr key in certain key combinations sometimes causes an action instead of displaying a character. For example, if you use the Alt Gr key with the plus sign (+) key, the grave (`) key, or the question mark (?) key on some keyboards, you zoom in, invert colors, and open Help (respectively) instead of displaying the expected character.
Use the Character Map feature in Microsoft Windows to copy the character that you need.


Accessibility Workarounds for SAS Visual Analytics Home Page

Exceptions to accessibility standards for the home page are documented in the following table:

Exceptions to Accessibility Standards for the Home Page

Accessibility Issue
Workaround
JAWS users will experience problems when trying to access items in drop down menus.
No workaround is available.
Screen reader users might have difficulty determining the function of drop-down menus because they are identified as buttons by screen reader.
No workaround is available.
Screen reader users cannot use Mozilla Firefox when accessing the home page.
No workaround is available.
Screen reader users will notice inconsistent behavior when pressing the spacebar while in the Views menu.
Press Enter to run an item or to close the menu.
JAWS does not explain which keys to use for performing actions on the objects in the My Content section of the home page.
Note: When JAWS reads each object, it first announces list box. It then announces the object type, a colon, and the object name.
Press the spacebar to display the object in the object inspector. Press Enter to open the selected object.
JAWS does not announce the object inspector when it is opened.
No workaround is available.


Accessibility Workarounds for SAS Visual Data Builder

Exceptions to accessibility standards for the data builder are documented in the following table:

Exceptions to Accessibility Standards for the Data Builder

Accessibility Issue
Workaround
When you use the keyboard to view the table properties from the Properties tab, the application loses focus and you can no longer navigate using the keyboard only.
No workaround is available.
When you use the keyboard to select a check box on the Properties tab, the application loses focus and you can no longer navigate using the keyboard only.
No workaround is available.
JAWS cannot read the diagram for creating data queries or LASR star schemas on the Design tab.
No workaround is available.
When you navigate to a table on the Design tab, pressing Ctrl+F9 does not open the pop-up menu for the table.
No workaround is available.
When you write code in the Preprocess or Postprocess sections of the Code tab, pressing the Tab key does not move focus out of the section.
No workaround is available.
When you use scheduling, you cannot choose to run One time only and then press Tab to access the OK or Cancel buttons.
No workaround is available.
When you use the pivot by function for a column on the Column Editor tab, you cannot navigate on the Pivot Values window using the keyboard only.
No workaround is available.
When you use the filter function on the Results tab, pressing the Space or Enter keys does not select or clear check boxes.
No workaround is available.


Accessibility Workarounds for SAS Visual Analytics Explorer

Exceptions to accessibility standards for the explorer are documented in the following table:

Exceptions to Accessibility Standards for the Explorer

Accessibility Issue
Workaround
JAWS cannot read the diagram in the decision tree visualization.
No workaround is available.
JAWS cannot read values for a visual filter in the Filters tab.
No workaround is available.


Accessibility Workarounds for SAS Visual Analytics Designer

Exceptions to accessibility standards for the designer are documented in the following table:

Exceptions to Accessibility Standards for the Designer

Accessibility Issue
Workaround
You cannot access the list of tabs in the right panel of the designer using only the keyboard.
Use the View menu to give focus to the tabs in the right panel. You can select the Comments, Display Rules, Filters, Interactions, Properties, Ranks, Rules, or Styles tab.
When JAWS is running, the Page Up and Page Down keys do not switch tabs properly.
No workaround is available.
The drop-down lists in the designer do not have labels. They are read by the screen reader as combo box.
No workaround is available.
JAWS does not read the labels for collapse and expand panes correctly. They are read by the screen reader as splitter button zero.
Use the View menu to select either Maximize View or Exit Maximized View.
You cannot re-position a report object on the canvas in the tiled report layout.
Use the precision report layout and then use the Properties tab to adjust the size and position of the report objects. Under the Size and Position heading, you can adjust the Left, Top, Depth, Width, and Height properties.
JAWS cannot read the diagram for creating filter and brush interactions in the interactions view.
No workaround is available.


Accessibility Workarounds for SAS Visual Analytics Graph Builder

Exceptions to accessibility standards for the graph builder are documented in the following table:

Exceptions to Accessibility Standards for the Graph Builder

Accessibility Issue
Workaround
Some buttons and drop-down lists are not labeled. As a result, the screen reader cannot determine the purpose of these unlabeled items.
No workaround is available.
Focus is sometimes lost when roles are added, edited, or deleted on the Role Definitions tab.
Press Tab to move the focus to the Home button. You can then use the Landmarks window to return to the Role Definitions tab.


Accessibility Workarounds for SAS Visual Analytics Viewer

Exceptions to accessibility standards for the viewer are documented in the following table:

Exceptions to Accessibility Standards for the Viewer

Accessibility Issue
Workaround
You cannot access links in reports using only the keyboard.
No workaround is available.


Accessibility Workarounds for SAS Visual Analytics Administrator

Exceptions to accessibility standards for the administrator are documented in the following table:

Exceptions to Accessibility Standards for the Administrator

Accessibility Issue
Workaround
When viewing the charts in the process monitor, if a screen reader user brings focus to the scroll bar or to one of the sliders for adjusting the scale of the axes, JAWS does not announce the proper information. JAWS reads "Process Monitor" for all of these items.
No workaround is available.
In Internet Explorer 9, if you tab to the Search button, and use the keyboard to press that button, focus is stuck at the top of the browser window.
No workaround is available.