The SAS Power and Sample Size application (PSS) is a desktop application that provides easy access to power analysis and sample size determination techniques. The application is intended for students and researchers as well as experienced SAS users and statisticians.
Figure 78.1 shows the graphical user interface. PSS relies on the SAS/STAT procedures POWER and GLMPOWER for its computations.
This section describes the statistical tasks that are available with the application as well as its principal features.
PSS provides power and sample size computations for a variety of statistical analyses. Included are t tests for means; equivalence tests and confidence intervals for means and proportions; exact binomial, chisquare, Fisher’s exact, and McNemar tests for proportions; correlation and regression (multiple and logistic); oneway analysis of variance; linear models; tests of distribution; and rank tests for comparing survival curves.
Table 78.1 lists the analyses that are available.
Table 78.1: Available Analyses
Category 
Analysis 

Means 
Onesample t test 
Paired t test 

Twosample t test 

Confidence intervals 
One proportion 
Onesample means 

Paired means 

Twosample means 

Equivalence tests 
One proportion 
Onesample means 

Paired means 

Twosample means 

Proportions 
One proportion 
Two correlated proportions 

Two independent proportions 

Correlation and regression 
Pearson correlation coefficient 
Logistic regression with a binary response 

Multiple regression 

Analysis of variance and linear models 
Oneway ANOVA 
General linear univariate models 

Survival analysis 
Twosample survival rank tests 
Distribution tests 
Wilcoxon MannWhitney test for two distributions 
PSS provides multiple input parameter options, stores the results in a project format, displays power curves, and produces narratives for the results. Narratives are descriptions of the input parameters and include a statement about the computed power or sample size. The SAS log and SAS code are also available.
All analyses offer computation of power or sample size. Some analyses offer computation of sample size per group as well as total sample size.
Where appropriate, several alternate ways of entering values for certain parameters are offered. For example, in the twosample t test analysis, means can be entered for individual groups or as a difference. The null mean difference can be specified as a default of zero or can be explicitly entered.
Information about existing analyses is stored in a project format. You can access each project to review the results or to edit your input parameters and produce another analysis.