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Confidence Limits for the Mean

If you specify the keyword CLM, the procedure computes two-sided confidence limits for the mean. Also, the procedure includes
the confidence limits by default if you do not specify any statistic-keywords in the PROC SURVEYMEANS statement.

The confidence coefficient is determined by the value of the ALPHA= option, which by default equals 0.05 and produces 95%
confidence limits. The confidence limits are computed as

where is the estimate of the mean, is the standard error of the mean, and is the percentile of the t distribution with df calculated as in the section t Test for the Mean.

If you specify the keyword UCLM, the procedure computes the one-sided upper % confidence limit for the mean:

If you specify the keyword LCLM, the procedure computes the one-sided lower % confidence limit for the mean: