|The SURVEYFREQ Procedure|
The CLUSTER statement names variables that identify the first-stage clusters, or primary sampling units (PSUs), in a clustered sample design. The combinations of categories of CLUSTER variables define the clusters in the sample. If there is a STRATA statement, clusters are nested within strata.
If your sample design has clustering at multiple stages, you should specify only the first-stage clusters, or PSUs, in the CLUSTER statement. See the section Specifying the Sample Design for more information.
If you provide replicate weights for BRR or jackknife variance estimation with a REPWEIGHTS statement, you do not need to specify a CLUSTER statement.
The CLUSTER variables are one or more variables in the DATA= input data set. These variables can be either character or numeric, but the procedure treats them as categorical variables. The formatted values of the CLUSTER variables determine the CLUSTER variable levels. Thus, you can use formats to group values into levels. See the discussion of the FORMAT procedure in the Base SAS Procedures Guide and the discussions of the FORMAT statement and SAS formats in SAS Language Reference: Dictionary.
You can use multiple CLUSTER statements to specify CLUSTER variables. The procedure uses variables from all CLUSTER statements to create clusters.